A large dog and a true workhorse, the Newfoundland is a master at long-distance swimming and has true lifesaving instincts in the water. He is large and strong, possessing a heavy coat to protect him from icy waters. Equally at home in the water and on land, todays Newfoundland competes in conformation, obedience, agility, tracking, draft and water tests, and carting. His coat can be black, brown, gray, or white and black.
There are many conflicting stories as to the origin of the Newfoundland some say he descended from the Great Pyrenees or a "French hound" but nearly all agree that he originated in Newfoundland and his ancestors were brought there by fisherman from the European continent. In Newfoundland he was used as a working dog to pull nets for the fishermen and to haul wood from the forest. He also did heavy labor, such as powering the blacksmith's bellows.
The Newfoundlands sweet disposition makes him a good fit for families. Although he appears somewhat docile, he is an active dog and will need daily exercise. Regular brushing is important to maintain his plush coat. Newfs are also an intelligent breed and are readily trained.
Working Group; AKC recognized in 1886.
Ranging in size from 26 to 28 inches tall at the shoulder and 100 to 150 pounds.
Multipurpose dog; water rescue.
Apartment is ok.
Low activity indoors.
Thrive in cooler climates.
Daily light exercise.
Heavy seasonal shedding.
Bathe only when necessary.