The small, foxlike Schipperke is known for its mischievous expression and distinctive black coat, which stands off from the body and is harsh to the touch. This enthusiastic, joyful, and sometimes willful dog has a thickset and cobby body and lacks a tail. Although historically a watchdog and vermin hunter, today this ageless breed enjoys competing in conformation, agility, and obedience, often well into its teens.
The Schipperke originated in the Flemish regions of Belgium, bred down in size from a black sheepdog called the Leauvenaar. The breed worked as a companion of tradesmen as well as a watchdog and ratter on the river barges, which is where they got the name "Schipperke" since the Flemish word "schip" means boat. Another common nickname for the Schipperke is "Little Captain."
The breed name of "Schipperke", in English-speaking nations, was thought to mean "little boatman". However, while they were occasionally seen on barges it was not their original or primary function, and in the areas of Leuven and Brussels "schipper" was the word for shepherd, making the name translate as "little shepherd".
The Schipperke is extremely active and loves to be involved in what is going on around him, but due to their watchdog tendencies, they can turn into barkers if not taught otherwise. Equally happy in an apartment or a home with a large yard, they should be kept on the leash when not in a fenced area and be taken to obedience classes. The breed's coat needs only weekly brushing and an occasional bath, although they do shed several times a year.
Non-Sporting Group; AKC recognized in 1904.
Ideal size: 10 to 13 inches tall at the shoulder.
Apartment is fine.
Very active indoors.
Daily moderate exercise.
Regular combing and brushing.
Heavy seasonal shedding.
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